Speech Therapy (ST) focuses on receptive language, the ability to understand words spoken to you, and expressive language, the ability to use words to express yourself. In addition, Speech Therapy offers treatment to many speech/language disorders. Speech disorders include the following problems, according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA):
Receptive disorders refer to difficulties understanding or processing language.
Expressive disorders include difficulty putting words together, limited vocabulary, or inability to use language in a socially appropriate way.
Is your child experiencing any of the following?
Problems pronouncing words correctly Using incorrect consonants from words, such as saying wabbit instead of rabbit
Receptive/Expressive Language Delay:
Difficulty following directions to complete a task lack of words/vocabulary Inability to communicate basic wants and needs
Repeating words or parts of words Twitching and blinking eyes while speaking Frustration and embarrassment which often decreases child’s desire to speak
Voice/Augmentative and Alternative Communication:
Child has a very nasal sounding voice Loses voice for days after excessive use Unable to use vocal communication
Child doesn’t make eye contact Child doesn’t use greetings Child doesn’t respond to questions Child doesn’t express emotions Child doesn’t interact appropriately with adults or peers
Oral Motor/ Feeding Issues:
Underweight with coughing Vomiting or tearing eyes while eating Picky eaters Trouble chewing certain foods Trouble swallowing food
Unable to read and spell words at same level as peers Teacher have suggested child might be dyslexic or learning disabled Trouble hearing the difference in words that are similar
Any of the above examples could be signs that your child could benefit from an Speech Therapy evaluation and/or treatment.